Evaluating effects of different musical types on depression, sleep quality, mental state and anxiety in stroke patients
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KünyeHuzmeli, E. D., Melek, İ., Balci, N. C., Korkmaz, N. C., Guntel, M., & Dag, E. (2018). Evaluating effects of different musical types on depression, sleep quality, mental state and anxiety in stroke patients. Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center, 25(1).
Aim: Music’s rehabilitative effects are clear in the literature, but the effect of the music type on the post-stroke patients is not clear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of listening different types of music on depression, sleep quality, mental state and anxiety in post-stroke patients. Material and Methods: The study was conducted prospectively. Thirty post-stroke pateints admitted to Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine at Mustafa Kemal University, were considered for the study. The patients’ depression level, sleep quality, anxiety and cognitive status were evaluated. Subjects were listening music during the rehabilitation program. Subjects were separated as the Eastern Music group (n=10), western music group (n=10) and control group (n=10). Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Standardized Mini Mental Test (SMMS), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) tests were performed for all subjects twice pre and post- treatment. Results: There was a significant difference in SMMT and BDI within the eastern and Western Music groups (p<0.05). PSQI score decreased an average of 1.4 points within only the Western Music group and it was statistically significant. There was no significance in any of the parameters of the control group. There was no statistical difference between the three groups. Conclusion: Although positive results within groups were found, there was no significant difference among the groups; therefore, music listening independent of the music type has no effect on sleep quality, mood, mental state and anxiety.