Radiological approach to osteolytic benign calvarial lesions
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Histopathologically, calvarial lesions are congenital, inflammatory, neoplastic and traumatic origin and these are rarely seen. The calvarial lesions most commonly manifest as palpable mass on physical examination or they are diagnosed incidentally during a radiological test. Defect, lysis and sclerosis in the bony structure are evaluated with radiography and computed tomography (CT) and relationships of the lesions with the soft tissue components and surrounding soft tissue are evaluated with CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and especially with MRI. Based on the radiological findings, benign-malignant discrimination of the calvarial lesions can be made and it may be possible to estimate their histopathological diagnoses.Kalvarial lezyonlar histopatolojik olarak, kongenital, enflamatuar, neoplastik ve travmatik kökenli olup, nadir olarak izlenmektedir. Kalvarial lezyonlar en sık klinik muayenede ele gelen kitle şeklinde ya da radyolojik bir tetkikde insidental olarak tanı konur. Kemik yapıdaki defekt, lizis ve skleroz radyografi ve bilgisayarlı tomografi (BT) ile, lezyonların yumuşak doku komponentleri ve çevre yumuşak doku ile ilişkisi, BT ve manyetik rezonans görüntüleme (MRG) ile ve özelikle MRG ile değerlendirilir. Radyolojik değerlendirme sonucu, radyolojik bulgulara göre kalvarial lezyonların benignmalign ayrımı ve histopatolojik tanısını tahmin etmek mümkün olmaktadır.
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