Evaluation of the necessity of whole-body scan tomography in cases with head trauma
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CitationYaşaran, İ., Karakuş, A., Kuvandık, G., Sebe, A., & Kekeç, Z. (2019). Evaluation of the necessity of whole-body scan tomography in cases with head trauma. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg, 25(6), 622-627.
BACKGROUND: In our study, we have tried to find out how necessary whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) is to detect other body injuries that may accompany the patients, evaluating head trauma cases with WBCT. METHODS: In our study, we included 198 patients, who were referred to our hospital’s emergency service after head trauma, had brain lesions detected in brain tomography (BT), had no additional examination findings and who underwent WBCT. In this retrospective study, patients’ age, gender, type of lesion in brain CT, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) values and WBCT findings were examined. RESULTS: In this study, 85.4% of the patients were male and the average age was 25.7 years. The most common cranial CT findings were fracture, followed by parenchymal bleeding. 67% of the patients’ GCS were below 8. Additional trauma was detected in 78 of the patients (39.4%). The most common additional lesion was the thoracic contusion. The mean age of the patients with cervical injuries determined in CT was significantly high (p<0.05). Statistical significance was determined between cranial fracture, foreign body incidence and thoracic injuries (p<0.05). The incidence of cervical injuries was significantly higher in patients with brain contusion detected in CT (p<0.05). Fracture frequency and presence of additional lesions in WBCT were significantly high (p<0.05). There was no correlation between other cranial lesions and additional injury areas (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The number of studies evaluating WBCT is high in the literature. However, our study is important concerning that to our knowledge this study is the first study to evaluate the WBCT findings in the head trauma cases without the additional lesions on their bodies. WBCT scan should be recommended in patients whose clinical evaluation could not be completed. WBCT is an important diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of many pathologies, especially for intrathoracic lesions.
SourceUlusal Travma ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi
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