Investigation of the relationship between physical activity and body mass index in children with down syndrome
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CitationEl, Ç., Hüzmeli, E. D., & Gökçek, Ö. Investigation of the Relationship between Physical Activity and Body Mass Index in Children with Down Syndrome. evaluation, 11, 13.
Aim: This study aimed was to investigate the relationship between physical activity levels and the Body Mass index (BMI) of children with Down syndrome (DS). Materials and Methods: This study included 26 children (15 male, 11 female) with DS. In this study, demographic information was recorded, the physical activity was measured with the Eurofit battery; body fat content, muscle weight, protein content, body fluid ratio and basal metabolic rate were measured by Bioelectric Impedance Analysis. Results: The mean age of the participants was 10.96±2.94 years and the mean BMI of the participants was 21.51±6.719. There was moderate correlation between general fat weight and arm motion speed (r=0,40); moderate correlation between sit and reach test and general fat weight (r=-0.45), trunk fat weight (r=-0.52), liquid ratio (r=0.54); moderate correlation between basal metabolic rate and right hand grip strength (r=0.73), right arm weight without fat (r=0.70), right arm muscle weight (r=0.69), basal metabolic rate (r=0.73); left hand grip muscle with left arm muscle weight (r=0.74), left arm weight without fat (r=0.75), basal metabolism rate (r=0.72), mineral amount (r=0.83), amount of protein (r=0.83); moderate correlation between thirty-second shuttle and body fat percentage (r=-0.44), liquid ratio (r=0.45), body density (r=0.46); moderate correlation between twisted arm hanging strength and fat rate in arm (r=-0.47) with trunk fat rate (r=-0.40), fat weight (r=-0.39); moderate correlation between twenty-meter resistance and trunk fat rate (r=-0.40). Conclusion: It was seen that the physical activity level decreased as the fat ratio increased in individuals with DS. Basal metabolic rate, fluid ratio, and physical activity were found to be correlated.
SourceThe Journal of Pediatric Research
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